Managing in the knowledge economy
The competitive position of economies in particular of the highly industrialized countries – is already or will be determined by their capacity to create value through knowledge. This structural change is reflected in theories of endogenous growth, which stress that development of know-how and technological change are the driving forces behind lasting growth. Knowledge is increasingly recognized as the principal source of value generation . The most recent economic growth comes not just from general advances in knowledge and the state of technology, but also from intangible financial products, entertainment, and computer software. Quah calls this “the weightless economy”, which he defines as not just more and better technology, but a reduction of distance between knowledge production and consumers, removing the intermediaries of traditional intellectual property protection and manufacturing. With fast interactions across countries, international learning processes become faster, and new competitors enter traditional businesses. The newest technologies – computers, the Internet also allow consumers to get closer to knowledge production. The traditional trade- off between reach and richness of interactions between producer and consumer seems to be no longer valid. The newest technologies produce new weightless goods – software, video entertainment, and health and financial consulting services – that can be considered as if they were knowledge. Little sits in the chain between knowledge production and final consumption. As information and communication technologies are the main drivers of this new economy, authors talk about the digital or information economy.