Study shows that developing economies are catching up with developed economies in ease of doing business.
Still, the gap remains wide. An entrepreneur in a low-income economy typically spends around 50 percent of the country’s per-capita income to launch a business, compared with just 4.2 percent for an entrepreneur in a high- income economy.
There’s ample room for developing economies to catch up with developed countries on most of the Doing Business indicators. Performance in the area of legal rights, for example, remains weakest among low- and middle-income economies.
The important work countries have done to improve their regulatory environments. Among the 10 economies that advanced the most, efforts were focused on the areas of starting a business, dealing with construction permits, and trading across borders. In general, economies that score the highest share several features on easy doing business including the widespread use of electronic systems and online platforms to comply with regulatory requirements.
At the same time, the least reformed area was resolving insolvency. Putting in place reorganization procedures reduces the failure rates of small and medium-size enterprises and prevents the liquidation of insolvent but viable businesses.
TICGL FIRM is a valuable tool that governments can use to design sound regulatory policies. By giving policymakers a way to benchmark progress, it stimulates policy debate, both by exposing potential challenges and by identifying good practices and lessons learned.
It’s important to note that Doing Business isn’t meant to be an investment guide, but rather a measurement of ease of doing business. Potential investors consider many other factors, such as the overall quality of an economy’s business environment and its national competitiveness, macroeconomic stability, development of the financial system, market size, rule of law, and the quality of the labor force.
In economies with flexible employment regulation, more young women join the labor force.
Low- and lower-middle-income economies tend to regulate employment more than do high- and upper-middle-income economies.
Although labor laws provide essential protections to workers, firms should not have to confront overly burdensome regulation. By changing restrictive labor regulation, economies could better adjust to fast-changing market conditions and dynamic work environments, generating positive outcomes that include smaller informal sectors, increased employment, and higher growth. Reinstating the option of fixed-term contracts would boost youth employment. Similarly, miscalculated changes to the minimum wage could lead to a decline in employment. Easing redundancy procedures facilitates businesses in allocating resources more efficiently, while revising legal restrictions on nonstandard working hours allows both employers and employees to maintain competitiveness.
What make ease Doing Business in China